作者｜葉祖堯教授Dr.Raymond T. Yeh（國際電機電子工程學會IEEE院士）
Forum on Cultivating Globally Competent Human Resources
Asia University, Taichung, Taiwan. 10/19/2010
To succeed in tomorrow’s world, college graduates must have both cents and sensibility. When I say “cents” I mean dollars and cents. When I say “sensibility” I am talking about meaning and purpose. To make cents, a college graduates must be competent, and to make sense, she must be able to find meaning for herself and help others to find meaning as well.
There are three distinctive types of competence:
1. Technical: In the face of knowledge explosion, we need to teach students to learn how to learn fast so that they are prepared to continuously upgrade themselves in new contexts.
2. Relational: a student must be armed with abundance thinking, which leads to win-win relationships, as she enters a global workforce consisting of more and more free agents.
3. Conceptual: our students need to cultivate design thinking in order to understand broad ideas—and their applications—with both analytical and intuitive thinking (utilizing both of their left and right brains).
概念性：學生需要培養設計思維(design thinking)，並結合分析的能力與直觀思維(intuitive thinking)，以了解宏大的思想及其應用。
To develop such kind of competence, academic institutions must provide broadly educational background for students to understand basics of liberal arts and science as well as different cultures so that they develop an appreciation of the relevance of a broad range of subjects from literature, art, philosophy and history, to mathematics, biology, and physics, as well as some key technologies. Such students are efficient synthesizers of information who can put together the right information at the right time. They are also effective facilitators who can make wise choices utilizing collective wisdom. These people can help any organization to make cents – profits for shareholders, good benefits for employees, etc.
But that is only half of the equation. A great university must do more to address the problems humanity faces at its current cross-roads. These include:
1. the rapid destruction of our natural environments
2. the increasing divide between haves and have nots
3. The prevalence of deficit thinking that creates a highly conflict-prone society in an instantly connected world
4. The need for healing everywhere as people feel insecure, isolated, depressed, a sense of hopelessness, and totally lost in a world filled with fake relationships.
3. 由於欠缺思維(deficit thinking)橫行，導致在資訊發達的年代，社會易引發衝突
4. 許多人感到不安全、被孤立、憂鬱、沒有希望，活在一個充滿 虛假關係的世界中
Much of what we face today is, in some sense, the result of failed leadership in all career domains: business, finance, government, industry, etc. Many of these failed leaders are products of elite academic institutions which had, unfortunately, put their focus primarily on academic excellence, neglecting the fact that leadership is essentially a moral act. A great university in the 21st century must cultivate a new crop of leaders who are meaning makers—those who can find meaning for themselves and help others to find meaning.
Meaning can be derived from three distinct aspects:
1. Self-transcendence—meaning is the result of peace of mind knowing that one has made the effort to become the best one could be.
2. Purpose—Nietzsche said, “He who has a why to live can bear almost any how.” Meaning makers are powered by purpose, and inevitably find the “how” that realizes their “why."
3. Service—there is no meaning without service, so meaning makers put stakeholders first and make sure their needs are met.
Meaning maker can help an organization to make sense of itself, which means the organization has good senses of its collective identity, direction, working environment for employees, social contributions to communities, etc.
To nurture meaning makers, an academic institution must embody ethical behavior, service attitude, and innovation as the core culture of a university through its course wares, decision-making processes, and all other functions. In other words, the university itself needs to become a living laboratory for leadership by providing plenty of opportunities to help the students to experiencing qualities of leadership as part of their student life on campus.
The graduates of great institutions of tomorrow will be a new crop of broadly educated, thoughtful, moral leaders who are equipped with an abundance mindset with a good understanding of our mutual interdependence. They will help to create meaning and well-being (good sense) as well as shared prosperity (good cents) wherever they are. These are the people who can properly address the complex and critical issues that threaten humankind at this juncture in our history.