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計畫介紹

 

計畫執行期:100-104年

緣起

 

台灣二十年前的經濟奇蹟,是台灣教育普及最佳的見證;然而近年來台灣社會的理盲濫情和公義不張,國人雖多勤奮自持,但工作多卻缺乏理念,人才多卻缺少團隊,計畫推陳不斷,累積的績效卻不彰。國際教育評比,我們年輕人學科知識足堪名列世界前茅,卻明顯不善敘事說理、論證思辨,參與公益事務和解決問題的決心能力也相對不足;換句話說,台灣國民的專業公民素質仍亟待加強。

 

另一方面,我國自從政治社會開放後,教育訴求多元,尤其針對科技人文的整合,幾乎是所有政治、社會領袖的共識;但科技人文整合的教育卻囿於學校及教育現況而難以落實。觀諸今日台灣社會的難解困境、莫衷一是的政策,無一不需要專業的科技與人文知識及素養來共謀出路,此顯示台灣的永續發展有賴科學、人文的整合教育。

 

據此,我們提出科學人文跨科際教育的理念;跨科際(trans-disciplinarity)的內涵有別於多領域(multi-disciplinary)及界領域(inter-disciplinary),跨科際的理念重在強調面對及時、重大、或關鍵的社會或國際議題及問題,必須由不同的觀點、社群成員、專業學門及跨領域研究來共同探究、認識、問題及彼此的角色,共謀處理或解決之道。當今與未來的重大時事或在地、全球議題,多有需要跨科際的人才與溝通平台。跨科際教育正是針對此訴求進行人才培育。表達溝通不僅是專業或通識教育必須增進的基本質素,也是針對我們的教育缺失。人文、科學的跨科際教育,可以議題或問題解決導向的實作課程及行動研究實施人才培育,同時打造面對在地及全球性重要課題或問題的實習平台。

 

跨科際示意圖

 

介紹

 

二十一世紀的高等教育除了包含專業學科訓練(professional education)與通識教育(liberal education),還需培養學生發現、關心、進而嘗試解決在地及全球問題的敏感度與能力。實現這個教育目標有賴於建立跨科際學習(trans-disciplinary learning)與表達溝通(communication)的認知與實作能力。本計畫以發展社會、人文、科學(Society, Humanity, Science;SHS)跨科際學習平台為「經」、深化學生個體的跨科際合作為「緯」,期待能在台灣高等教育環境中進行展開「以問題解決為導向」(problem-oriented)的人才培育計畫。

 

本計畫屬於教育部顧問室的中程個案計畫,執行期限從100-104年,100年是先期規劃階段。實施策略方面,於執行期間藉由建構多個平台,針對大學生和研究生,推動跨科際的行動研究、行動導向、實務模擬課程…等各種學習,同時鼓勵授課老師與參與學生將學習過程以語言、文字、創意表演等形式紀錄保存,並呈現於數位多媒體平台,使教與學得以相互觀摩、激勵。

 

魚骨圖

 

Trans-Disciplinary Education Program Office, MOE, Taiwan

 

The program of Transdisciplinary Education is launched since 2012. The Program Office is established in 2011 and conducted by Professor Jwu-Ting Chen who is a professor in Department of Chemistry, and the director of the Center for the Advancement of Science Education (CASE) in National Taiwan University. As a program of Ministry of Education in Taiwan, this program is officially titled “MOE Program for Trans- Disciplinary Education on Society-Humanity-Science – Cultivation for the Competence of Cross-Boundary Problem-Based Learning in Colleges”, and is also abbreviated as SHS Program.

 

The SHS program aims at the development and innovations for trans-disciplinary educational curriculum and activities in the context of higher education. “Trans-disciplinarity” as key concept for this educational program refers mainly to “learning by doing” approach toward real world problems which requires cross professional expertise or specialties in the disciplines such as political, business, management, and scientific studies etc..The program office endeavors to set up a platform which can provide the teachers and students to create their learning environments as well as opportunities for their ideas in TDE. It’s expected that trained students will be able to adopt critical and inquiring thinking as well as the hands-on experience with trans-disciplinary perspectives, particularly with engagement in leaning to solve the important or critical issues which are either local or global.

 

This four-year SHS program will be implemented and vehicle with five sub-offices:

1. Promotion Office for Curricular Innovations in TDE

This office serves to grant and evaluate curricula, courses, or school programs in nation-wide colleges.

2. Promotion Office for College Forums in TDE
The forum offices will totally hold 30-40 discourse per year, which are expected to initiate issues or problems that may facilitate further study for the courses, and make the bridge between the academic community and the public.

3. Office for Internet Multimedia Service and Communication
This office serves for the production of program outcome through internet and communications.

4. Summer Academy
One-week summer academies, named “.COM ACADEMY”, will aim to set up an internationally known learning arena for TDE which will inspire and train students and teachers with designed scenario of “learning by doing” through competition or interactive training.

5. Regional Promotion Centers
The promote centers will be responsible for cross-school and cross-region activities including workshops, symposia, or competitions that may serve to excel the learning performance for communications in TDE.
Through the campaign of the SHS program, we determine to identify the Taiwanese paradigm in TDE, join the international community and seek for the collaboration for TDE since we believe that TDE fits the frontier trend of education in the 21st century.