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Introduction

Introduction

Jwu-Ting Chen

  • Professor, Department of Chemistry
  • Director, The Center for the Advancement of Science Education
  • National Taiwan University
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Chung-I Lin

  • Professor, Granduate Insitute of Humanties in Medicine
  • Taipei Medical University

 

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Introduction

Chia-Liang Cheng

  • Professor, Department of Philosophy
  • Vice President , National Dong Hwa University
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The Story of SHS Program

From "Food Textiles Industries" to “Knowledge-Intensive Industries”, we had many number ones in Taiwan. Like in 1950s, we were famous for our agricultural products, and now we have very strong semiconductors of electronics.

Who produces these semiconductors? Who creates these new ideas in 21th century? It’s our young generation. Although these young people in their 20s and 30s in Taiwan are

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The Story of SHS Program

called Strawberry Generation. But the advancement of knowledge are all from these young people. Do they know the details of each discipline? Maybe they do not know all of the contents. But how do they produce these amazing things? They can find a way. They have a way to integrate the knowledge together if we don't get in between them and the knowledge. Believe in young generation. Maybe one day, the young generation will figure out a good way to solve the social problem.

And we also have to be aware of one thing; the students do not necessarily get their education from classrooms and lectures now. There are new forms of spreading news, like TED Talks. There are many different colleges that students can

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get their knowledge from here. We have Coursera, Edx, Udacity, which are the online education and launched by different educators. Not only professors but everyone can be educator.

We must change the education environment. The high education right now is too much dominated by publication counting as in that problem not just happened in Taiwan, probably is universal in the whole world. We want to set up a new campaign for merging or fusing

 

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The Story of SHS Program

different discipline together, changing the education environment and let our students face the real society. So we have SHS Program, a four-year program administered under MOE on trans-disciplinary education (TDE) in society-humanity-science (SHS).

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SHS Program, the trans-disciplinary education in Taiwan

According Gibbon’s book, the New Production of Knowledge, the dynamics of science and research in contemporary

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The Story of SHS Program

societies, he mentioned that there are basically two paradigms of the knowledge production.

First of all, what he called “mode 1” actually could be very close traditional science production. So “a form of knowledge production— a complex of ideas, methods, values, norms— that has grown up to control the diffusion of the Newtonian model to more and more fields of enquiry and ensure its compliance with what is considered sound scientific practice.” Should current scientific knowledge production turn out to be the only paradigm? Certainly not.

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Actually social science has done different paradigm for quite long. So given the also mentioned “mode 2”, he set a different aspect, like context of application, trans-disciplinary, heterogeneity, reflexivity and quality control. We explain trans-trans-disciplinarity as an example, First Gibbon mentioned “the evolving framework: to guide problem solving efforts and the trans-disciplinary knowledge: develops its own distinct theoretical structure, research, methods and modes of practice.” So a plunge of all the knowledge produced should be like the current natural science.

Trans-diciplinarity could be quite dynamic. It is problem solving capability on the move. It could be changing all the time. Our SHS Program is like “mode 2”. The new campaign

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The Story of SHS Program

try to cultivate, to set up the problem for cultivation for the competence of Cross-Boundary Problem-Based-Learning and communication in colleges. The SHS try to quest for, engaging to the real world problem for the new world vision either global or local. Since the real problems or issues are often complicated, critical, urgent, and often with risk, so such kind of education right now in the colleges supposed to be critical.

The real world problems or real world issues that considered being important or critical by all the participants. So, in the educational environment, we can pool or integrate expertise of team members to it. Instead of building new category, new discipline, we can keep the same kind of disciplines. Then people from different

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fields can work together. To do this, we also have to develop education seriously in communication and collaboration, which are often either inactive or not enough feedback in universities in Taiwan.

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The Story of SHS Program

Ten Important Issues We Face

We bring together professional professors and experts to discuss “what problems matter or society effects?” And we come up ten issues of Taiwan and set up different platforms. We want to cultivate the students to solve these problems.

Ten Important Issues We Face

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The How of SHS Program

How to do the SHS program? Besides the program orbit, there are five working platforms, basically with different functions. And the main target-students are junior graduate or senior undergrads.

 

Five Working Platforms

  • Digital Platform
  • Course Platform
  • Summer Master Academy
  • Regional Centers
  • Teaching Development for TDE
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The How of SHS Program

Digital Platform

The purpose is to try to encourage the educational communication through internet and media in universities, which has been recently much more noticed by different universities. To use the Internet and media very vividly and very actively, we can be shared and promoted education with a university and out of the university. So we

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created blogs and use Facebook to share information. We have some SHS profiles, which means, to make advisers for members on the Internet.

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The How of SHS Program

Course Platform

There are two major nations of the course platforms as SHS. The first is to serve the Brain, a variant curricular course program, based in major institute based in Taiwan of human kind. The second is to materialize curricular within universities in terms of the trans-disciplinary events and all the basic learning. The key word is “problem-based learning.” We tried the problem-based learning as a way as a disciplinarity in learning and teaching. So the ten issues which we mentioned before are the titles, the topics of our course, our curriculum. We focus on these ten issues to develop our course. We bring different expertise to work together, balance of professional specialty and general education in this platform. Beside this, there are three important elements of SHS course.

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Three Important Elements

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The How of SHS Program

With this background, the curriculum can be supplied two types of program. The one is “Course-clusters Forum”, like Dung Hai University’s “Aging Society and Administration”. It contains a comprehensive integrated curriculum in natural science social science by asking informally. And the other is “Part B” which has two courses for the one year. It’s a project to have two courses, one per semester.

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Summer Master Academy

Trans-disciplinary education environment is like monkeys or residents live in rainforest. And now the students are like monkeys. Our physics, chemistry, business administration and other disciplinary are the big trees in the forest. Our job is to fill in the gap between the disciplines. We just need to provide the platform that allows our student to freely move around the trees. When students in this rainforest, they will try to know, they try to learn where to find the trees, just like monkeys or residents in the rainforest. They remember where to find it. But how to create this create Trans-disciplinary education environment? It relies on the change of the mindset of our educators. Not traditional lecture, it is better to promote Problem Oriented curriculum

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The How of SHS Program

structure, like problem-based learning. So we set up the Master Academy. And this platform can facilitate other platform. People from different places encounter others, and then exchange ideas.

In Master Academy, there are two things: Open Forum and Summer Camp. Open Forum is done once or twice a year for a short period of time. Summer Camp is one week in National Dong Hwa University. Each year we invite about 200 participants. These participants are the senior level undergraduate or graduate students, or even professors from different universities within a SHS project. We discuss the ten important issues of Taiwan. And we choose three keywords in the 21th Century to focus the issues. Each time, we have different

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main concept.

1st Master Academy:
Sustainability, Creativity, and Trans-disciplinary

2nd Master Academy:
Globalization in Sustainability, Creativity, and Trans-disciplinary

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The How of SHS Program

3rd Master Academy:
Globalization in Democratization, Green economy and Corporate-social Responsibility

We invite expertise from different areas and introduce short talks as main tool of discussion. No matter how famous the partcipants are, they are allowed to talk for

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only 15 minutes. These speakers tell the students “how” to solve or create ideas. We also have introduced “Design Thinking” the methodology, and "Classroom Outside the Classroom," "Learning By Doing" stuff like this.

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The How of SHS Program

Design Thinking has four aspects: one is "it's human-centered." It begins from deep empathy and understanding of needs and motivations of people. This is the first step. And "it is collaborative." Several great minds are always stronger when solving a challenge than just one. And the third, "it's optimistic." It is the belief that we all can create a change. The fourth: It is experimental. Before we ran the summer camp, we ran a workshop to train the tutors, to train the volunteers. During the camp, we have a hall of volunteers, mentors and tutors to facilitate all the participants to follow the Design Thinking methodology and to solve the problems we gave them.

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SHS Program Targets & Goals

The SHS content may comprise social awareness currently right now in most of universities in Taiwan. The social awareness among students are just not satisfyingly enough. For the professional education, this is of course important and also is talked about in the previous lectures. Knowledge integration, usually students practice this after graduation, we certainly would like them to have this kind of experience when students are still in the colleges or universities. And of course experiences in cooperation and collaboration, innovation and design. We have to emphasize the literal competence because right now in Taiwan, since the teenage, students just really lack of literal practice. And general communication, not only personal

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SHS Program Targets & Goals

communication, Media communication should be really paid attention at our universities.

So our target will be focused on. We tried to set up TDE environment in high education. We set up the faculty communities and also the student communities. This is still a pioneer program in Taiwan, so hopefully the trans-disciplinary research and education can run together paralleledly. And the TDE and communication competence should be really emphasized. The TDE resource will be accumulated. Right now the Internet already accumulated probably almost a hundred years. And a lot of them can be seen in glass. So that can serve as quite a lot of resource for those who will be interested in later on. And certainly, we tried to create some lasting effects.

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SHS Program Targets & Goals

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ATLAS 林從一教授  日期: 2014-06-19  長度: 17:23

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ATLAS 鄭嘉良教授  日期: 2014-06-19  長度: 23:07

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